The Hundred Schools of Thought (諸子百家) were philosophers and schools that had flourished from 770 to 221 BC, an era of great cultural and intellectual ...
The Hundred Schools of Thought (諸子百家) were philosophers and schools that had flourished from 770 to 221 BC, an era of great cultural and intellectual expansion in China. Even though this period, known in its earlier part as the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period (春秋戰國時代) in its latter part, was wrought with chaos and bloody battles, it is also known as the Golden Age of Chinese philosophy because various thoughts and ideas were developed and discussed freely. This phenomenon has been called the Contention of a Hundred Schools of Thought (百家爭鳴). These thoughts and ideas have profoundly influenced lifestyles and social consciousness up to the present day in East Asian countries. The intellectual society of this era was characterized by itinerant scholars, who were often employed by various state rulers as advisers on the methods of government, war, and diplomacy. This period ended with the rise of the Qin dynasty and the subsequent purge of dissent. ******************************** 諸子百家是對春秋戰國時期各種學術派別的總稱。西周滅亡，促使人們更多地轉向對天下興亡的思考，打破了"庶人不議"的觀念，取而代之的是"處士橫議"的活躍風氣。在對人、事及社會的廣泛探討中，人們不再崇信"天道"，進而在如何統一天下、治理國家、教化民眾等方面形成了各種不同的學派。這些學派的創立者和代表人物被合稱為"諸子"，"百家"則指這些學派。最有影響的主要是儒家、墨家、道家和法家。各學派的人物針對一些社會問題四處遊說，推行自己的政治 主張，或著書立說，人們的思想空前活躍，在中國文化史上形成了一個百家爭鳴的空前繁榮的局面。 ******* 本書共有11本繁体版，包括 儒家的代表作：論語、孟子、荀子 道家的代表作：道德經、莊子 墨家的代表作：墨子 法家的代表作：韓非子 名家的代表作：公孫龍子 雜家的代表作：呂氏春秋 縱橫家的代表作：戰國策 兵家的代表作：孫子兵法 ******* 本书共有11本繁体版， 包括 儒家的代表作：论语、孟子、荀子 道家的代表作：道德经、庄子 墨家的代表作：墨子 法家的代表作：韩非子 名家的代表作：公孙龙子 杂家的代表作：吕氏春秋 纵横家的代表作：战国策 兵家的代表作：孙子兵法
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